Prevention of Diabetes


Healthy Diet

Calorie Requirements based on weight and usual activity for adults:

  • Obese inactive, sedentary men/women - 20 kcal/kg of present weight
  • Normal BMI, sedentary men/women - 22 – 25 kcal/kg
  • Normal BMI, active men/women  - 30 kcal/kg
  • Thin/Very active - 40 kcal/kg

The calorie requirements, in addition to the above mentioned criteria should be based on the patient’s usual food intake. One third of the total calories can be distributed for early morning and breakfast. Another one third for mid morning snack and lunch and the remaining one third for evening snack and dinner.

Carbohydrates:

  • Carbohydrates should approximate 55 – 60% of total calories /day
  • Minimum of 130gm/day
  • 25 -50gms of carbohydrates from fiber per day may be given

Proteins:

  • Daily requirement is 15 – 20% of the total calories/day
  • 1gm/kg of present body weight/day
  • 1gm/kg of ideal body weight if obese
  • 0.6-0.8 mg/kg body weight in nephropathy
  • 50% of daily protein has to be from Class 1 sources

Fats:

  • Daily requirement is 15 – 20% of the total calories/day
  • Saturated fat < 7%
  • Polyunsaturated fat – up to 10%
  • Monounsaturated fat – up to 20%
  • Intake of trans fat should be minimized (Bakery products)
  • Limit dietary cholesterol to less than 200 mg/day
  • Daily visible fat intake is 3 – 5 tsp/day
  • Oil - 500 gm/month/person

Prevention of Diabetes


Healthy Diet

Calorie Requirements based on weight and usual activity for adults:

  • Obese inactive, sedentary men/women - 20 kcal/kg of present weight
  • Normal BMI, sedentary men/women - 22 – 25 kcal/kg
  • Normal BMI, active men/women  - 30 kcal/kg
  • Thin/Very active - 40 kcal/kg

The calorie requirements, in addition to the above mentioned criteria should be based on the patient’s usual food intake. One third of the total calories can be distributed for early morning and breakfast. Another one third for mid morning snack and lunch and the remaining one third for evening snack and dinner.

Carbohydrates:

  • Carbohydrates should approximate 55 – 60% of total calories /day
  • Minimum of 130gm/day
  • 25 -50gms of carbohydrates from fiber per day may be given

Proteins:

  • Daily requirement is 15 – 20% of the total calories/day
  • 1gm/kg of present body weight/day
  • 1gm/kg of ideal body weight if obese
  • 0.6-0.8 mg/kg body weight in nephropathy
  • 50% of daily protein has to be from Class 1 sources

Fats:

  • Daily requirement is 15 – 20% of the total calories/day
  • Saturated fat < 7%
  • Polyunsaturated fat – up to 10%
  • Monounsaturated fat – up to 20%
  • Intake of trans fat should be minimized (Bakery products)
  • Limit dietary cholesterol to less than 200 mg/day
  • Daily visible fat intake is 3 – 5 tsp/day
  • Oil - 500 gm/month/person